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HIV and AIDS can affect anyone. Worldwide, an estimated 33
million people are living with
AIDS.1 In the United States,
more than a million people are infected with HIV.2
Many of these people do not know they are infected.
Since the use
of antiretroviral therapy (ART) became widespread in 1996, the
incidence of AIDS has decreased. Factors responsible for the decline in the
incidence of new AIDS cases include:3
United Nations Programme on
HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), World Health Organization (WHO) (2009). AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2009. Available online:
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2008). HIV prevalence estimates—United States, 2006. MMWR, 57(39): 1073–1076.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2008). HIV transmission rates in the United States—CDC Fact Sheet. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/factsheets/pdf/transmission.pdf.
October 22, 2012
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Peter Shalit, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine
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