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Brandt-Daroff exercise is one of several exercises
intended to speed up the
compensation process and end the symptoms of vertigo.
It often is prescribed for people with
benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and
labyrinthitis. These exercises will not cure these
conditions, but over time they can reduce symptoms of vertigo.
To do the
People using this exercise usually are instructed to do 20
repetitions of the exercise at least twice a day.
Symptoms sometimes suddenly go away
during an exercise period. More often, improvement occurs gradually over a
period of weeks or months.
The Brandt-Daroff exercise and other
similar exercises are used to treat BPPV and sometimes to treat labyrinthitis
or vestibular neuritis.
These exercises can help your body get used
to the confusing signals that are causing your vertigo. This may help you get
over your vertigo sooner.
The Brandt-Daroff exercise does not
help relieve the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) as
well as the Semont maneuver or the Epley maneuver.1
There are no risks in doing these exercises.
You should be careful not to lie down too quickly to avoid hitting your head or
developing minor neck injuries.
The Brandt-Daroff exercise is
effective in relieving symptoms of BPPV and possibly other conditions causing
vertigo. But this exercise may cause vertigo and the nausea and vomiting that
sometimes accompany it. This can discourage people from continuing the
exercise, especially when the vertigo is severe enough to cause nausea and
Vertigo often goes away without treatment, so it is hard
to know just how effective this exercise really is.
exercises may also be recommended by your doctor to help resolve your vertigo
Complete the special treatment information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this treatment.
Fife TD, et al. (2008). Practice parameter: Therapies
for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (an evidence-based review). Report of
the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.
Neurology, 70(22): 2067–2074.
December 16, 2010
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Barrie J. Hurwitz, MD, MD - Neurology
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