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Home > Patient & Family Resources > Health Library > Eye Anatomy and Function
The eye is shaped like a round ball, with a slight bulge at the front.
The eye has three main layers. These layers lie flat against each other and form the eyeball.
The inside of the eye is divided into three sections called chambers.
Fluid fills most of the inside of the eye. The chambers in front of the lens (both the anterior and posterior chambers) are filled with a clear, watery fluid called aqueous humor. The large space behind the lens (the vitreous chamber) contains a thick, gel-like fluid called vitreous humor or vitreous gel. These two fluids press against the inside of the eyeball and help the eyeball keep its shape.
The eye is like a camera. Light passes through the cornea and the pupil at the front of the eye and is focused by the lens onto the retina at the back of the eye. The cornea and lens bend light so it passes through the vitreous gel in the back chamber of the eye and is projected onto the retina. The retina converts light to electrical impulses. The optic nerve carries these electrical impulses to the brain, which converts them into the visual images that you see.
Current as of: May 5, 2019
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: Kathleen Romito MD - Family MedicineAdam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Current as of:
May 5, 2019
Medical Review:Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
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