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Published on January 24, 2022

How Well Do You Know These Common COVID-19 Terms?

How Well Do You Know COVID-19 Terms?

Quarantine, isolation, fully vaccinated, boosted - how well do you know these COVID-19 terms? Deborah Grant, DNP, MSN, RN, CENP, explains how understanding these terms helps you stay safe in this 2 Your Well-Being discussion with WFMY News 2.

What is the difference between isolation and quarantine?

"So there's a little bit of difference. Isolation means you have the disease. So you have this virus. In this case, we say you must isolate. So that's staying away from people. If you've just been exposed to it, then we say you're quarantined."

How long should you isolate or quarantine?

"In either case you need to -- especially if you're the one with COVID-19, isolating -- you must isolate for five days, at least five days after you started having symptoms. So you might have gotten tested on day three, but your symptoms started two days ago, so you have to isolate for at least five days.

"Then after isolation, we really suggest people who have the disease wear their mask for five more days and try to limit anywhere you're going if you can."

"If you're in quarantine, then that means for five days you're gonna wear your mask as well... you're going to do the same thing: Stay away from people for five days. You can get tested then, and if you're negative, then go on wearing your mask like we all should be doing when we're out in public with others."

When is someone considered fully vaccinated?

"It depends on where you're at in your progression of getting your vaccine. So most people are fully vaccinated when they have gotten their two shots and a booster. Our five to 11 year olds, they started getting their vaccines later, so they may not even be eligible for a booster yet because boosters are currently recommended five months after you're vaccinated. For Johnson & Johnson, at two months you can come back and get another vaccine. So fully vaccinated just means you have completed getting the appropriate number of COVID vaccines for your age group and for your vaccine type."

There are multiple types of COVID-19 tests -- can you explain the difference between them?

"I would say the simplest answer is there's the fast test that you can do at home now, and that's the antigen test... the PCR test takes longer, and you go get it done somewhere, and then it takes two to three days -- and nowadays, it may take five days to get that result back -- and that test is really looking at your overall disease. It will pick up on COVID even sometimes up to 90 days after you've had it. So that PCR test is much more sensitive."

Learn more by watching the full video interview above. 

2 Your Well-Being

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